Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is not just about merely building houses. This is a significant step in making the dreams of the poor come true
Narendra Modi, Prime Minister
Honurable Prime Minister envisioned Housing for All by 2022 when the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. In order to achieve this objective, the Central Government has launched an inclusive mission radhan Mantri Awas Yojana Housing for All Urban The mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals:
In our federal structure, mission provides flexibility to the States for choosing the best options amongst four verticals of mission to meet the demand of housing in their states. Process of project formulation and approval in accordance with the mission Guidelines has been left to the States so that projects can be formulated, approved and implemented faster.
Benefits under various Schemes
1. Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource
n-situ slum rehabilitation using land as a resource aims to leverage the locked potential of land under slums to provide houses to the eligible slum dwellers bringing them into the formal urban settlement. Houses built for eligible slum dwellers in projects in Private partnership for Slum rehabilitation, grant of Rs. 1 lakh per house, on average would be provided by the Central govt.
2. Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through Credit Linked Subsidy
In order to increase institutional credit flow to the housing requirement of urban poor, Credit Linked Subsidy component is being implemented as a demand side intervention. Credit linked subsidy is provided on home loans taken by eligible urban poor EWS/LIG for acquisition, construction of house.
Beneficiaries of EWS/LIG category looking for housing loans from Financial Institutions are eligible for an interest subsidy at the rate of 6.5 % for a tenure of 20 years or during tenure of loan whichever is lower. The Net Present Value NPV of the interest subsidy is calculated at a discount rate of 9 %.
Under MIG & MIG II Scheme, the interest subsidy is at the rate of 4.0 four percent and 3.0 three percent on the principal amount of the loan for the MIG I and MIG II borrower/beneficiary, respectively and the subsidy is admissible for a maximum loan amount of first Rs. 9 lakh for MIG I and Rs. 12 lakh for MIG II, as the case may be, irrespective of the total loan size, for 20 years or complete period of the loan, whichever is less.
The Net Present Value NPV of subsidy is calculated based on a notional discount rate of 9.0 nine percent and upfront subsidy is provided to the beneficiary.
In a normal EWS/LIG scenario i.e. Home loan above 6 lakhs and loan tenure of 20 years, an eligible beneficiary would be entitled to subsidy of upto Rs. 2.67 lakhs
In normal MIG & MIG II case i.e. Home Loan above 9 and 12 Lakhs respectively and tenure of 20 years, an eligible beneficiary would be entitled to subsidy upto 2.35 & 2.30 lakhs, respectively.
3. Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
The third component of the mission is affordable housing in partnership. This is a supply side intervention. The Mission provides financial assistance to EWS houses being built through different partnerships by States/Union Territories.
Affordable housing projects can be planned by States/UTs to benefit the EWS category and increase the availability of houses for this segment of the society. This step can be taken by States/UTs themselves or through their agencies or in partnership with private sectors. Central Assistance at the rate of Rs.1.5 Lakh per EWS house is available for all EWS houses in such projects.
An affordable housing project may be a mix of houses for different categories but it will qualify for central assistance, if at least 35% of the houses in the project are for EWS category and a single project has at least 250 houses or as specified by the State Government.
4. Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement.
The 4th component of the mission is assistance to individual eligible families belonging to EWS categories to either construct new houses or enhance existing houses on their own to cover the beneficiaries, who did not take advantage of other components of the mission. Such families may avail of central assistance of Rs. 1.50 lakhs for construction of new houses or for enhancement of existing houses under the mission.
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