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Types of Properties which can be used as Collateral

By IIFL Home Loans | Published On Feb 05 2024 10:57 AM 1 min read 118 views 6668 Likes
Home loans

Collateral against a loan is any property you can pledge as security for the loan. A secured loan requires collateral to be provided as security. The lender is reassured that they will not lose money even in the event of a payment default when you have collateral.

If you fail to pay, they may sell the collateral to recoup the loan balance. On the other hand, you can obtain a more significant loan amount at more affordable interest rates by providing Collateral for a mortgage.

However, have you ever considered the kinds of assets you may offer as security? This guide will give you an idea of mortgage types in India and property as collateral. Let's dive in!

Kinds of Collateral Property

Collaterals primarily come in two varieties:

  • Moveable property

  • Liquid security

Your home or a plot of land is considered immovable property, and liquid assets include government bonds and insurance policies. However, the collateral you guarantee must be worth enough to cover the loan amount that the lender will disburse. You can then utilise the asset as collateral.

Do you need help with the kinds of collateral assets you can utilise as security? Continue reading to find out more about collateral against a loan!

What kind of properties give Loans Against Collateral?

A loan may be obtained using a variety of property kinds as collateral. Residential properties, including homes, apartments, and condominiums, are a few typical examples. Here are some categories of properties that can be used as collateral for a mortgage:

  1. 1. Residential property: Your lender may treat any residential home as collateral. You may be residing in a self-occupied home, renting out a residential property to supplement your income, or owning an empty home you aren't currently utilizing. Due to its ease of liquidation in the event of default and long-term value retention, this asset is well-liked by lenders.

  2. 2. Commercial Property: Commercial real estate is a common asset in collateral-based lending, like home loans. This could be a space or a business facility you are renting out. Furthermore, obtaining high-value loans is simple if you use a vacant property as collateral. Regretfully, there's a catch. They must be owned by people with no active conflicts over ownership and are permitted if no residential property is located in the underlying region.

  3. 3. Property with several owners: A property with several owners can also be used as collateral for a loan, such as a home loan. The property can only be divided among family members who have the following relations:

    • Mom and son

    • Brothers and Sisters

    • Father and kid

    • Parents and daughters who are single

As long as they fulfill the minimal requirements, properties from other people—such as parents, acquaintances, or relatives—are also accepted as collateral.

  1. 4. Open areas: As long as the borders of open spaces are clearly defined, they can be utilised as collateral for loans. These properties must be non-agricultural and fulfill the requirements to qualify as collateral. A piece of land's worth is determined by its size, location, potential for development, and zoning laws.

Final Thoughts

Are you trying to get financing for a house? At IIFL Home Loans, you are provided expert assistance in valuing the property and providing collateral loans on the property. The lender assesses each item of the property to ascertain its value before accepting it as security.

The property should be valued more than the loan amount you require and without any issues. Therefore, if you own property, take advantage of its value and apply for a loan secured by it. Visit the IIFL Home Finance to learn more about low-cost house loans.


Q1. What kind of assets are acceptable as collateral for a mortgage?

Ans. Any residential property may be pledged as collateral to get a loan. It can be the one you now have available or the one you have rented. To obtain a loan secured by your current residence, you can even pledge it as security.

Q2. What are collateral properties?

Ans. A valuable item, such as real estate or other assets, is called collateral and is pledged by a borrower to secure a loan. In the event of a default, the collateral can be seized by the lender and sold to cover the outstanding balance.

Q3. Can you explain the distinction between assets and collateral?

Ans. In brief, an asset committed as security against credit exposure is collateral. Collateral backs secured loans; it does not support unsecured loans.

Q4. What makes banks request collateral?

Ans. When offering loans, banks request collateral as a safeguard against default. The item(s) that the borrower delivers to the lender as collateral is a promise to repay the loan. If the borrower cannot make payments, the lender may sell it to recover the loan cost.

Q5. What purpose does collateral serve?

Ans. If a borrower defaults, collateral compensates for the lender's losses. In such an event, creditors may seize secured assets and sell them to offset the proceeds from the unpaid loan balance.


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